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What are the hardwood varieties in the United States?

by:Jinlon Furniture     2021-12-25
Except for 27% of the forest land in the United States is owned by the government, enterprises and various institutions, the remaining 73% is privately owned. Privately owned woodlands are basically hereditary. Many forest owners rely on forests for their livelihoods for generations. Coupled with the federal government's good forest management and funding policies, the U.S. forest coverage rate has risen instead of falling in the past 50 years, and the logging rate has been far lower than the forest growth rate. American hardwoods provide a large number of woods of different colors, textures and properties for specification makers, manufacturers and end users all over the world. Among them are walnut, red birch, elm, cherry and red with darker warm colors. Oak, there are also lighter white oak, maple and ash. Red Oak Other names: Red oak and red oak are widely distributed in the eastern part of the United States. The wood is hard and heavy, has good machining properties, and dries slowly; the color, texture, characteristics and properties of red oak will vary with the place of origin. Due to climatic reasons, southern red oak grows faster than northern red oak, and the wood is harder and heavier. It is usually sold in the south and north according to the production area. The southern wood is reddish in color and has a color difference. It is suitable for darker coating products; The color of northern wood is light red, white, and uniform in color, suitable for light-colored products, and the price difference between north and south is large. The mountain red oak is between the north and south red oaks. The reason is that the topography of the Appalachian Mountains in the eastern United States affects the climate, resulting in a special production area. Main uses: building materials, furniture, flooring, interior architectural design, interior joinery and lace, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling, coffins and buckets. Not suitable for use as a close-fitting material. The color, texture, characteristics and properties of red oak will vary with the place of origin. Therefore, it is recommended that users and orderers work closely with suppliers to ensure that the wood ordered is suitable for their specific needs. White Oak Other Names: White Oak, White Oak North American White Oak is similar in appearance to Chinese Oak and European White Oak. It is produced in large quantities in the eastern part of the United States. Its sapwood is light-colored, and its heartwood is light brown to dark brown with grain. Rough, most of them are straight grain. The pith rays are longer than red oak, so it has more wood grains than red oak. The wood is hard and heavy, and has good mechanical processing, dyeing and polishing properties. Because its wood grain and pith rays are extremely beautiful, white oak is more suitable for varnish treatment than red oak. The heartwood of wood oak is highly resistant to corrosion and disease and insects, so it is rare to see white oak material decay and wormholes. Main uses: building materials, furniture, flooring, interior architectural design, outdoor joinery, molded products, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling, sleepers, wooden bridges, wooden bars for wine barrels, coffins and hanging barrels. White Ash Other names: Fraxinus mandshurica, Sophora japonica, Sophora japonica, White ash is mainly produced in North America and Europe. Ashwood and Fraxinus mandshurica belong to the same family, but there are differences. Ash is mainly divided into North American white wax and European white wax according to the production area; Fraxinus mandshurica is mainly divided into Northeast Ash and Russian Ash according to the production area. The appearance of North American ash is similar to European ash, the white wood part is light in color, close to white. The color of the heartwood varies from brown-gray to light brown to light yellow with brown wood grain. This kind of wood is usually straight, with a rough uniform texture. The chromaticity and supply of light white wood vary with the place of production. The color of the northern white wax is more uniform, the color difference between the sapwood and the heartwood is smaller than that of the south, the sapwood part is creamy white, and the heartwood part is grayish brown; the southern white wax sapwood and the heartwood have a larger color difference, the sapwood part is pure white and the heartwood part It is dark brown. The white wax that grows in the swamp area is called marsh white wax. Because of its special growth environment, it has strong hardness, low density and light weight, and it is suitable for use as a musical instrument. Main uses: furniture, flooring, architectural interior decoration, high-grade joinery products and molded products, kitchen cabinets, paneling, tool handles, sporting goods and car products. Cherry Other names: American black cherry (belonging to the finest wood) Cherry is located in various parts of the eastern United States, and the main commercial forests are distributed in Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia and New York. The color of the heartwood ranges from bright red to brownish red, and the color becomes darker after sun exposure. On the contrary, its white wood is milky white. Cherry wood has fine and uniform straight lines, smooth texture, and naturally contains brown core spots and small gum nests. Cherries are characterized by heartwood, and their price has a lot to do with the heartwood ratio. There are color selection and non-color selection. The higher the color selection ratio, the higher the price. Main uses: furniture and cabinet manufacturing, high-grade joinery, kitchen cabinets, molded products, paneling, floors, doors, interior decoration of ships, musical instruments, car products and carvings. Soft Maple Other names: red maple, silver maple (belonging to the upper-middle grade wood) soft maple is mainly distributed in the eastern part of the United States, and the number on the west bank is relatively small (big leaf maple), and its growth environment is similar to that of hard maple, and most of it The properties are very similar to hard maple and can be used to replace hard maple. Although soft maple is widely distributed, the color of its wood varies greatly with different producing areas.
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