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The identification of antique furniture starts from the details

by:Jinlon Furniture     2022-03-02
Investigating the details of furniture is an important part of identifying the counterfeit of ancient furniture. Many counterfeit ancient furniture have their feet exposed in the details. Remind you that you can consider both the details and the shape. 1. The details can be investigated from several aspects: First, we must first look at the bottom and back of the furniture, whether the color and the old degree of the surface of the furniture are consistent, and whether the materials used are consistent. The bottom of old furniture generally shows signs of natural aging, while the bottom of new furniture is smooth or painted and stained. There are some new imitation furniture. The counterfeiters pour rice swill or tea water on the furniture, and then leave it outdoors in the sun and rain. The wood grain naturally cracks, the paint cracks and peels off, and the color of the logs is dark, showing a It looks like an old style that has gone through wind and rain, but the bottom of the furniture is very new and inconsistent with the overall condition. In addition, there have also been counterfeit ancient furniture made of building materials from old houses on the market. From the appearance and color of this furniture, it has a feeling of wear and tear over the years, but the reason lies in the fact that there is no layering or transition in the old. Second, look at whether the tenon and tenon joints of the furniture are tight. Excessive tightness is a new imitation. Third, look at whether the legs and feet of the furniture are really rotten, and they are new imitations as they were before. In addition, the legs of old furniture have become obsolete due to the dampness, but it is very natural. No matter how old the new furniture is, it is still very unnatural. For example, many counterfeiters bury the four legs of table and chair furniture in the mud. Over time, this leg will fade from shallow to deep, showing a kind of water stain, which can deceive the layman. However, the water stains of the genuine product are generally not more than one inch, and the fake ones are often excessive. Fourth, pay attention to the details of the joints such as seams and corners. Many counterfeit furniture is left for a few days, it will shrink, and the new stubble will be exposed to the counterfeiters. This one is especially effective in the north. Fifth, it depends on the shape of the mortise. The mortises of Ming and Qing furniture were chiseled by hand, and they were all square. If you see that the mortises are round at both ends, it means that the machine processing must be a new imitation. Modeling structure to date. Second, the modeling structure of furniture is also one of the important basis for judging the age. First of all, from the perspective of styling varieties, Ming-style furniture mainly includes chairs and stools, beds, tables, cabinets, several shelves, screens, boxes and so on. The furniture in the Qing Dynasty has changed. For example, the recliner only appeared in the late Qing Dynasty; the round table is rarely seen in Ming-style furniture, and the round tables we see now are all from the Qing Dynasty; the coffee table has been popular since the Qing Dynasty. The difference is that the coffee table is relatively short, and it is often placed between a pair of armchairs; the set of furniture is unique in the Qing Dynasty; the Duobao Pavilion was formed in the Qing Dynasty; the screens of the Ming and Qing dynasties They are all popular, but hanging screens only appeared in the late Ming Dynasty. Secondly, judging from the change of the modeling structure. For example, armchairs with heads at both ends and armrests, or armchairs with heads at both ends and armrests, are mostly the early styles of Ming furniture armchairs, and they are generally not too late. In the middle of the Qing Dynasty. Another example is the cabinet. Ming-style cabinets are mostly rounded corner cabinets. The side legs are clearly divided. They are mainly decorated with various smooth lines without heavy carving. After entering the Qing Dynasty, this kind of round-corner cabinets gradually decreased, and the square-corner cabinets replaced by square-corner cabinets are square and straight, and the side feet are gradually reduced. After the middle of the Qing Dynasty, there were basically no side feet, and the decorative carvings changed from simple to cumbersome. Thirdly, from the perspective of structural craftsmanship, the biggest technological feature of Ming-style furniture is the tenon-and-mortise structure. Viscose is only an auxiliary, and the components are meticulous by virtue of the tenon-and-mortise combination. Its accuracy is difficult to achieve even with modern technology. Only this point can't be fooled by modern imitations. In the late Qing Dynasty, there was no penetrating tenon. Instead, the hidden tenon was glued, and the craftsmanship was relatively simple.
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