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Mahogany furniture material of Vietnam Huanghuali

by:Jinlon Furniture     2022-01-01
Vietnamese huanghuali (MAI DOU LAI) Chinese literary name: It has not been determined so far. After testing by the Timber Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Forestry, it is temporarily classified as Fragrantwood, but there is no such name in plant taxonomy. Fragrant branch wood is another name for the fragranced Dalbergia wood by the people of Guangzhou. Family: Leguminous Dalbergia common Chinese name: Vietnam Huanghuali. Native name: Mai Dou Lai (Laos, Thailand, Lao language meaning 'patterned rosewood'), Hue (Vietnamese) Latin name: Dalbergia spp. (meaning a species of Dalbergia) Origin: Mainly produced in Vietnam The east and west sides of the Giai Nui Truong Son mountain range on the border with Laos: 1. Ecological features: deciduous leaves from January to April, long leaves from May to December, blooming from September to October, the flowers are divided into yellow and red kind. For trees with yellow flowers, the wood is light yellow, while for trees with red flowers, the wood is brownish red. It generally grows on cliffs 400-800 meters above sea level, and rarely grows in places below 400 meters above sea level. The tree species associated with Vietnamese huanghuali include Kaja, Moun (striped ebony), Padong (Kampi, black rosewood), and Kayong (red rosewood) Taka (黄波罗). 2. Some basic characteristics of wood: Sapwood: light yellow, about 2-5cm thick. Heartwood: The difference between heartwood and sapwood is obvious. The heartwood is light yellow, yellow and reddish brown to dark brown, with dark stripes. The dark ones are easily confused with Dalbergia odorifera from Hainan Island. Odor: Strong sour scent. Air-dry density: 0.70-0.95/cm3. Identification points: Vietnamese huanghuali wood has appeared in the market since 1996. Many people think it is only produced in Vietnam and used to impersonate Hainan Huanghuali. 1. The heart section has a sour scent. 2. The texture varies in width and width, like traces left by uneven ink penetration. 3. Purple syrup is often mixed in color. 4. The wood is dry and lacks oiliness. Since ancient times, the huanghua pears in people's minds only refer to the huanghua pears produced in China’s Hainan Province, while the so-called huanghua pears on the market today are mostly produced at the latitude and distance from Hainan. The same rosewood from Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar and other Southeast Asian countries is fragrant stick wood, which is brighter in color, stronger in taste, and chaotic in texture and layering. Due to the long sunshine and heavy rainfall, Hainan has been the largest producer of rosewood since ancient times. The pears and avocados produced are collectively referred to as 'Huanghuali'. They are hard wood, clear and beautiful in texture, and can emit a faint fragrance when it is cloudy. They are the world-recognized wood products for making hardwood furniture. Like red sandalwood, rosewood and other woods, rosewood was already the finest wood for furniture in the Tang Dynasty more than 1,000 years ago. In the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, where the development of ancient Chinese furniture was the most prosperous, rosewood was used in large numbers for its unique material, resulting in the wood being almost cut down. It is said that Zheng He brought back a large amount of rosewood and red sandalwood specially for the court when he went to Southeast Asia. In the following hundreds of years, 70% of China's huanghuali wood furniture was exported abroad, and the only small amount of huanghuali wood remaining in China was only used for house construction or made into pot covers, abacus beads or even hoes and scattered among the people. Huali is divided into Huanghuali, Yahuali, Caohuali and even safflower pear. Among them, the raw material of Huanghuali is very easy to survive but extremely difficult to become a material. A tree with a thick bowl can only be the size of a rolling pin, and it takes hundreds or even more to become a real material. millennium. According to industry insiders, the current market price of the best old huanghuali materials is 1200 yuan (about 150 US dollars)/500 grams or more. According to the mahogany market survey in December 2010, the price and market conditions of Vietnamese yellow rosewood are: 1. Ordinary materials: the southern timber market is 210,000-250,000 yuan/ton, and the northern market is 260,000-300,000 yuan/ton; 2. Medium materials: 450,000-490,000 yuan/ton for the southern market, 460,000-500,000 yuan/ton for the northern market; 3. Leftover materials: about 35 yuan/jin for the southern market and 338 yuan/jin for the northern market 4. Root material: 120-230 yuan/jin for the southern market and 140-280 yuan/jin for the northern market. The above price information is for reference only, and the details are subject to the timber market transaction price on the day.
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