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How many generations did it take for Huanghuali to determine its common name

by:Jinlon Furniture     2021-11-28
In the field of furniture collection and research, whether in academia, the market, or the industry itself, there have always been differences on issues such as the identification and name of wood. Among them, the disputes between Hainan Huanghuali and Vietnam Huanghuali are endless, attracting the attention of many scholars, entrepreneurs and classic furniture lovers. So, how did the popular name Huanghuali, the most famous traditional furniture material, evolve? In ancient China, there was no rigorous scientific classification method for the classification of plants. More historical records of 'Huanghuali' have different origins, and different historical records and historical periods include 'Huanghuali, Huayao, Huanghuali...' etc. The name changes, but the corresponding tree species is not indicated. It can be said that it is just a general term. Huanghuali seems to be the first to be seen in medical records at first, such as the 'Materia Medica Supplements·Mubujuan IV' written by Chen Zangqi, a pharmacist in the Tang Dynasty: It is a headache for the pillow, and it is for the heat.” Related reading: Hainan Huanghua Pear Tasting Encyclopedia According to the records of Compendium of Materia Medica, compared with “palmwood”, in the late Ming society where Li Shizhen lived, “Hua Li 'Or 'rosewood' should be used more commonly as the name of huanghuali, mostly used to refer to furniture, rosewood used in wenwan, such as the 'Museums Guide' published in the Mingqi period and the 'Chang' written in the Chongzhen period. 'Wanghuali' is written as 'Hua Li' or 'Hua Limu' u200bu200bwhere Huanghuali is designed. Even if it can be confirmed that it is Hainan Huanghuali as it is called today, the 'Qiongzhou Fuzhi' compiled during the Wanli period is only marked as 'Hua Li'. During the period from Yongle to Xuande in the Ming Dynasty, during Zheng He's seven voyages to the West, some of his entourages wrote many geographies chronicling the customs of overseas vassal kingdoms through the experience of sailing. Among these books, the most detailed record that survived the world was Ma Huan’s 'Yingya Shenglan'. Two of them recorded huanghuali. The original text is as follows: its domestically produced Pistacia chinensis, Rhododendron sylvestris, Fructus serrata, Agarwood, Huali wood...Ivory, Cui Mao, etc. ——Ming Ma Huan 'Yingya Shenglan•Siam Country' but in the Wanli period of the late Ming Dynasty, it was transcribed by Huang Shengzeng and adapted from 'Xingcha Shenglan'When talking about the above two records, they both changed 'Hua Li Mu' to the commonly known 'Hua Li Mu' and 'Hua Li' at the time: the northwest of the country can be 200 miles away, and there is a city called Sheung Shui... , Yellow wax, many white elephants, white mice, lion cats. ——Ming Huang Sheng Zeng 'Western Tributary Records • The Fourteenth of the Lushan Kingdom' compares the records of the same thing in these two books, we can find that some geography books in the early Ming Dynasty talked about Huanghuali and were often called 'Hua Limu' However, in the late Ming Dynasty, the name 'Hua Limu' u200bu200bor 'Hua Li' seemed to be more popular, and it was widely used when calling Wenwan, furniture, and even local chronicles. 'Hua Limu' u200bu200band 'Hua LimuIt is contained in historical records, and there must be a certain reason behind it. For this reason, some basis may be found in the record of 'Haichayulu' compiled by the literati Gu Kai during the Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty. It contains: 'Rosewood, chicken wing wood, and Tusu wood are all produced in Lishan, and they must be taken from Li people, outsiders do not know the path, cannot find it, and the pears are not compatible.' When talking about the term 'HuanghualiIt should have appeared in the Guangxu period of the late Qing Dynasty, but it was temporarily shelved because it was rarely used at that time. Later, the German scholar Gustav Ike wrote 'A Textual Research on Chinese Rosewood Furniture'. When talking about the rosewood of traditional Chinese furniture, he mentioned 'Huanghuali'Three names. And Mr. Wang Shixiang conducted textual research in his 'Ming-style Furniture Research' and believed that 'the so-called'Laohuali' is'New Huali', and the two are one thing.... It is significantly different from Huanghuali, and it is by no means the same tree species. 'Actually, neither Gustav Ike nor Mr. Wang Shixiang have collected or photographed complete wood samples or accurately described these three names, and used them as a reference standard for distinguishing families in later generations. This also laid the groundwork for today's controversy over sea yellow and more yellow.
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