Walnut, oak, and ash are the mainstream materials in the current solid wood furniture
market. In terms of material and processing characteristics, the three materials have their own advantages. Walnut trees generally mature in 60 to 80 years. The characteristics of wood are good wood material, smooth planed surface, beautiful pattern, clear texture, fine and uniform structure, strong decay resistance, no shape, no cracking, no peculiar smell, not easy to warp, shiny, and excellent wood toughness. Catalpa wood has good processing properties, good bonding, finishing and coloring properties. Catalpa tree grows in extremely cold regions such as Northeast my country and Russia, and is a deciduous tree. The wood has moderate hardness and medium weight. It has the physical and mechanical properties of small shrinkage rate, smooth planed surface, strong abrasion resistance, slightly coarse structure; beautiful color and pattern, rich toughness, not easy to warp when dry; good processing performance , The bonding, finishing, and coloring properties are good; the texture is tough, dense, and delicate, and the price is expensive. Fraxinus mandshurica has a slightly heavier material, beautiful patterns, coarse structure, easy processing, high toughness, good finishing and gluing properties, and average dryness. Fraxinus mandshurica furniture is average, not as good as walnut and oak wood. Fraxinus mandshurica has average stability and is not easy to deform, but it is easy to shrink. Fraxinus mandshurica is the mainstream material in the comprehensive furniture market. Fraxinus mandshurica furniture is not resistant to water stains, large drying shrinkage, poor craftsmanship, warping and deformation during use, and not easy to dry. Oak wood is also called oak. It is hard in material, thick in structure, high in strength, difficult to process, good in coloring and finishing, poor in adhesion, easy to dry, and easy to crack; now many people in the market refer to rubber wood as oak for short. In fact, these two kinds of wood are not comparable at all, rubber wood is much worse, and it is considered the bottom of all solid wood. Oak furniture is easy to crack, warp and deform, and is not easy to cement. There is an old saying in the northeast, one tussah, two tussah and three curved willows. Catalpa wood enjoys the reputation of 'King of Wood' and 'Golden Tree'. It is one of the world's famous woods, and is as famous as the ebony wood, red sandalwood wood of Southeast Asia, and maple wood of the United States. Catalpa wood resources are very few, and it is indeed a precious and high-quality furniture material. With the increasingly scarce wood resources in the world, the collection value of Catalpa wood furniture is increasing day by day. Catalpa trees grow slowly and are extremely rare. Generally mature trees in 60 to 80 years. According to historical records of the Ming and Qing dynasties, Catalpa wood was the first choice for making utensils at that time, and it was the material of appreciation for the world. The Ming-style furniture made of its wood is practical, admirable, and has the characteristics of maintaining and increasing value. Since the antique furniture made of Catalpa wood came into the market, it has been favored by many middle-aged and successful people for its solid, durable, natural and environmentally friendly features. Extended reading: How to maintain walnut furniture II. How to distinguish the quality of walnut furniture. In fact, the identification of walnut furniture is largely similar to the identification of solid wood furniture. Observe the quality of walnut wood. Open the furniture cabinet doors and drawers to observe whether the wood is dry, white, and the texture is tight and delicate. If the furniture made of particle board, density board and one-time forming board is used, it is required that the door or drawer of the cabinet is opened without pungent smell. The walnut drawers should be solid and fastened with screws inside. May wish to open the drawers, movable tabletops, cabinet doors and other parts to ensure that they can be used freely and correctly connected. Place your hands on the surface of the furniture and carefully check whether the polished surface is smooth, especially to avoid roughness on the table feet and other parts. Are there streaks in the paint? Are the corner paints too thick? Are there cracks or bubbles? Turn the chair and cushioned furniture upside down to see how they are made. As for the table, check from the bottom. See if the seams are reinforced with screws and wedges? Are the slats and the crosspiece fastened tightly? Is there any excess glue and filler in the seams. Observe the strength of the walnut board surface. The board surface emphasizes that it can be pressed with fingers to feel the fastness of the board surface. One side of the material should be fixed by a tic-shaped solid frame. If the frame is sparse, you will feel empty and unreal when you press the surface, and the panel will vibrate greatly; the bottom of the drawer should be pressed by hand to test the strength. Generally, the bottom of the partition is mostly laminated with a large area. The partitions should be made of five-layer boards. The cabinet door and drawer switch should be flexible. When the panel is covered with thin wood and other materials, the color should be similar to that of the complete product. The surface paint film of the product is not allowed to be wrinkled, sticky or leaking. Observe whether the walnut furniture has no drawers or tilting of the door frame, and whether there is any skewed parts caused by the low level of craftsmanship such as mortise holes or too large eye holes, loose mortises, etc. Wooden walnut furniture must have safety and stability. When the two cabinet doors are opened 90 degrees, gently pull forward by hand, the cabinet body cannot automatically tilt forward; the glass of the bookcase door must be polished; The full-length mirror and dressing table should be equipped with a back panel, and the glass surface should be fixed by the bead. Should the furniture's side, top, front and back interfaces be inlaid and tenon joint, tongue-and-groove joint, or double dowel joint? It is better to choose dovetail joint or butterfly joint. Heavier furniture should be protected by screws in the corners and glued well. As for the back panel, you must also check whether it is inlaid properly and install the screws. Check the slides and latches of the drawer. Observe whether the walnut wood has defects. The main stress-bearing parts of the furniture, such as the columns and the load-bearing bars near the ground between the connecting columns, should not have large knots, cracks, or cracks. The structure is firm, the frame must not be loosened, tenon breakage and material breakage are not allowed. Do not buy the 'three houses and one' that uses sawing, one sawing, nails, one nail, and paint and one lacquer for particleboard; do not choose furniture made of 'three nos' drawers with no holes, no plugs, no tenons, and no straps at the bottom. . The parts of wood-based panels used in furniture should be edge-sealed, and all kinds of accessories must be installed, missing nails, and penetration nails.
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