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Classical furniture molding: the neglected 'beauty'

by:Jinlon Furniture     2022-03-03
Chinese classical furniture amazes the world with the wisdom of the ancients with its exquisite craftsmanship. In addition to the mortise and tenon structure and the 'joining' process, another outstanding feature is the surface treatment of the furniture parts, which are concave, flat, or convex, to reflect different styles and appearances. This is the most common and commonly used technique in classical furniture-the decoration of the stitches. 1. The concept of stitching. The stitching is one of the unique styles of furniture modeling in the Ming and Qing dynasties in my country. It refers to the shape of the edge line of the cut surface of the furniture part, the male and female lines formed by the height of the line, and the height of the surface. Convex and concave to show. On the surface, it seems simple, but careful observation is indeed ever-changing. With the same materials and the same size of the components, as long as the size of the surface and the thickness of the line are slightly changed, a variety of stitches will be formed, which makes the appearance of the furniture quite different. 2. Types of moldings. There are many types of moldings commonly used on classical furniture. The common ones are belt line, bowl line, eel belly, crucian back, sesame stem, bamboo patch, yang line, yin line, civil and military line, pinch line, There are dozens of dimple lines, concave lines, melon ridge lines, sword ridge lines, square lines, etc., but the shapes are all deformations between square (including rectangle) and circle (including ellipse). It can be roughly divided into two types: asymmetry up and down and symmetrical up and down. Regardless of the shape, craftsmen call them 'ice edgeThere are also some terms to describe these pins. For example, the long side of the frame is called 'side wipe1. Yang line: refers to the line shape that is higher than the plane or convex. 2. Concave line: refers to the line shape that is concave into the plane. 3. Incense line: It is a style of the yang line, the line is straight, the round curvature is larger than the general yang line, and the line feeling in the furniture is stronger. 4. Sword ridgeline: refers to the height in the middle, with slanted sides on both sides, like the back of a sword. 5. Belt line: refers to a relatively flat but wider Yang line, named after the leather strip used on a carriage. The narrower one is called the pimp line. 6. Water blocking line: refers to a raised sun line along the edge of the table, because its function is to block the wine and prevent it from flowing down the table. 7. Hole-making line: refers to a line shape that is raised on both sides and recessed in the middle. 8. Sesame stalks: refers to the stitches composed of two depressions (inner concave arcs), named because they are shaped like sesame stalks. 9. Muddy bamboo slices: Refers to the rounded muddy surface like bamboo slices. 10. Civil and military line: refers to two lines consisting of a muddy (convex on the outside) and a depression (concave on the inside). 11. Kneading line: refers to the line shape of the square or rectangular material that is discounted on the edge. 12. Melon ridges: The legs and feet of the tables and cabinets in Ming Dynasty furniture are usually made of thicker materials. Generally, they are made into ribs and splits, which are commonly called melon ridges. Use melon ridges on the legs and feet of furniture such as 'one-leg three-tooth' tables and 'round-corner cabinets'. Related reading: The detailed whole process of making mahogany furniture 13. Tianpan line: similar to the water barrier. But the location is not on the edge, but on the inner edge of the face frame, which is common on the surface of furniture with small face frames such as coffee tables and flower tables. 14. Change the bamboo round: a kind of thread foot that looks like a round bulge. 3. The function of the stitching The use of the stitching makes the overall line of the furniture smoother and enriches the sense of space and hierarchy of the furniture form. The unevenness of the thread can produce light quality effects, making the shape of the furniture more substantial. The exquisite stitching contrasts with the heavy furniture shape, which clearly highlights the decorativeness of the linear beauty. The craftsmen use various forms of 'ice tray edge' to reflect various personal characteristics and expound their unique views on art.
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