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Brief introduction to Sapele

by:Jinlon Furniture     2022-01-06
Sapele is also called red shadow wood. Its wood grains are staggered and sometimes have wavy textures, forming unique fish oval black markings at the wood texture processed by the four-saw method; medium porosity, high gloss; sapwood Pale yellow, reddish heartwood or dark reddish brown. Its weight, bending strength, compressive strength, seismic performance, corrosion resistance and durability are medium; its toughness and steam bending performance are low. In addition, Sapele wood is easy to process, and has good performance in gluing, tenoning, and nailing; and good performance in surface treatment such as painting. Physical properties: weight, bending strength, compressive strength, seismic performance, corrosion resistance and durability; low toughness, steam bending performance; processing performance: processing is relatively easy, although the surface may be planed due to the interlaced wood grain Cracking during cutting; good performance of gluing, tenoning and nailing; good performance of surface treatment such as painting, especially after filling the pores with filler; trees and distribution: large trees, 40m high, diameter at breast height up to 1.0m Above; sparse longitudinal shallow grooves are common on the surface of the material. There are 9 species of this genus, distributed in tropical Africa. This species is often imported from Gabon, Congo, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and other regions in large quantities. Structural features: Bark: 1.0~1.5cm thick, hard texture, easy to peel off in pieces, with fragrance. The skin is thin and brittle; it is light reddish brown with a slight grayish white; it is easy to fall off in small flakes, leaving irregular shallow pits. The endothelium is reddish-brown; the phloem fibers are relatively developed, the parts near the outer skin are lignified, and the parts near the surface of the wood are lamellar and easy to separate; stone cells are abundant. Cross section: The difference between heart and sapwood is obvious. The new cut surface of the heartwood is reddish brown, long-term oxidation becomes iron brown. The sapwood is light yellow and white, 6~11cm wide. The growth ring is not obvious. Macro structure: diffuse porous material. Tube holes can be seen under a magnifying glass. They are slightly less and medium in size; single tube holes and multiple diameter tube holes (2~3, 2 more); black gum is more abundant. The axial parenchyma is obvious under the magnifying glass, and the chordal band shape and the ring tube bundle shape. It is obvious under the magnifying glass of the wood ray, and the density is medium and narrow. It is suitable for slicing micro veneer, peeling veneer, wood molding, high-end furniture, joinery, flooring, plywood, cabinets, turning wood, etc. It is used in many similar applications with real mahogany, such as: ordinary furniture, cabinetry furniture, decorative veneer, paneling, flooring, wooden components for indoor and outdoor connections, door and window base frames, doors, stairs, boats and other vehicles and Piano panel. At present, some counterfeit Sapele woods often appear on the market to deceive consumers. The main ones are good wood Neem, Great African Neem, Angola African Neem, Congo African Neem, etc. In fact, these tree species belong to the African Neem of the Meliaceae family. Genus, the real sapele should be the tube-shaped African neem. The logs and boards of these tree species are very similar in appearance, but the price can be much different. The main characteristics of several counterfeit Sapele woods are: the outer skin of the fine wood Neem is gray-brown to off-white; the surface of the wood and the inner skin have obvious checkered patterns. The difference between heartwood and sapwood is obvious. The new cut surface of the heartwood is rose red, which turns brown after a long period of time. The sapwood is light brown. Easy to blunt saw during processing; slightly end-cracked and deformed. Many alternatives to mahogany are also it. The heartwood of Neem is dark reddish brown, and it turns dark red over time, and its sapwood is white to light gray-brown; the heartwood of Neem from Angola is pink to dark red, turning dark reddish brown for a long time, and the sapwood is slightly lighter in color. There is a peculiar smell; the texture of Congo African Neem is hard and brittle. The difference between heartwood and sapwood is slightly obvious. The heartwood is pink to reddish brown, with slightly dark brown stripes, and the sapwood is slightly lighter in color; it is easy to deform and crack.
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