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9 commonly used woods for classical furniture

by:Jinlon Furniture     2022-03-04
For a long time, Chinese classical furniture not only has a profound cultural and artistic heritage of the Chinese nation, but also has elegant and practical functions, which are endlessly memorable, so it has been deeply loved by Chinese consumers. Among them, the classical solid wood furniture of Ming and Qing Dynasties is the most mainstream. Many people are willing to buy one or two pieces of Chen Fang's home, which is noble and elegant. The furniture used in the Ming and Qing dynasties in China is exquisite, but the Ming Dynasty uses huanghuali, red sandalwood, wenge wood, iron wood, and beech wood; the Qing Dynasty uses red sandalwood as the most superior material, and mahogany, chicken wing wood, and iron wood also have it. Huanghuali Because it is relatively rare, beech, elm, tussah, and walnut wood are the most widely used in the folk. This article will focus on introducing the commonly used wood in 9 kinds of classical furniture, and popularize the knowledge for friends who are interested in classical furniture. 1. Huanghuali Huanghuali is a legume plant, its scientific name is Dalbergia odorifera, also known as Hainan Dalbergia and Hainan Dalbergia. Origin: Plain and hilly area at low altitude in Jianfengling, Diaoluo Mountain, Hainan Island, China. Because of its slow growth, solid wood, and beautiful patterns, Huanghuali wood, red sandalwood, wenge wood, and iron wood are also known as the four famous woods in ancient China. It has always been one of the four famous trees and is now a national second-class protected plant. Its wood is solid, the color ranges from light yellow to purple, bright color, fragrance, clear wood texture, like clouds and flowing water, very beautiful. The most special thing is that there are many boils that are common in the wood grain. These boils are also very flat and do not crack, showing textures such as fox head, old man's head, and old man's hair. They are beautiful and are called 'ghost faces'. . Another feature is that its heartwood and sapwood are very different. Its heartwood is reddish brown to deep reddish brown or purple reddish brown, with uneven depth, often with dark brown stripes, and its sapwood is grayish yellowish brown or light yellowish brown. Since the 1990s, from Vietnam and other countries, Dalbergia odorifera with characteristics similar to those of Hainan Dalbergia odorifera has been exported to China, and gradually gained recognition and acceptance. In order to facilitate the distinction, the names 'Vietnam huanghuali' and 'Yuexiangzhi' '' and other names are in circulation, while the names of tree species have not been gradually understood by the Chinese until 2010. The identification of these two kinds of wood has always been a hot spot in the Chinese rosewood appraisal circle. When the basis of wood distinction is disputed, it is necessary to study the characteristics of the trees to assist. 2. Pterocarpus Pterocarpus, also known as 'QinglongmuPterocarpus is a group of particularly hard and heavy tree species in the genus Pterocarpus in the leguminous family. It is the most advanced material among the mahogany. It is a hardwood with a deep purple and black color. It is most suitable for making furniture and carving artwork. The utensils made of red sandalwood have a satin-like luster after waxing and polishing without lacquer oil. Since ancient times, my country has believed that red sandalwood is the most precious wood, so there are few red sandalwood artifacts left. Red sandalwood has the strongest texture and the heaviest weight among all kinds of hardwoods. Except for mostly purple-black, some are as black as lacquer, with almost invisible texture. Although it is not as gorgeous as Huanghuali, it is quiet and ancient, which can not be doubted by any wood. In fact, there are many kinds of red sandalwood, just like redwood, according to the 'Chinese Taxonomy of TreesBut there is only one kind of red sandalwood in the true sense, and that is what we call 'small leaf red sandalwood'. 'Purple' means auspiciousness. In addition to the peculiar fine wood properties and rarity of red sandalwood, red sandalwood was highly prized by the royal family in the Ming and Qing dynasties. The emperors of the two dynasties did not hesitate to spend a lot of money, and made all kinds of red sandalwood furniture and ornaments by the skilled craftsmen of the world. At that time, these things were really the best, not to mention the fact that they have been passed down to this day? Related reading: Ketan and Pterocarpus can not be mistaken 3. Wenge Wenge is a tree species of the genus Pterocarpus and Ironshoe, produced in China's Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Fujian, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Africa and other places. Some of the wenge wood has white and black seals, and some are yellowish-purple. Especially in the longitudinal section, the wood grains are slender and floating, changing endlessly, naturally forming landscapes and figures. Wenge is less productive than rosewood, red sandalwood and other woods, and its wood texture is unique, so it is cherished by the world for its small amount of existence and beautiful and gorgeous charm. There are old and new wenge in the antique furniture market. Mr. Wang Shixiang divided it into: old wenge wood 'dense texture, purple-brown in dark and light patterns, especially the longitudinally cut and slightly oblique section, slender and floating, giving people the feeling of bright and shiny feathers.' New wenge wood 'woody rough, Purple and black, the texture is often muddy, stiff without rotation, and the wood wool is sometimes easy to crack and stubble. As one of the old five mahogany, although it is ranked behind the red sandalwood, Hainan Huanghuali and rosewood, but In terms of value, wenge wood is far less precious than the first three, and it is a very common wood. However, there are not uncommon and beautiful furniture made of this wood in the market. People love this wood, mainly because of its beautiful wood grain. In addition, in the folk, people think that the chicken is the closest animal to the legendary phoenix, so people think that wenge is a kind of auspicious wood, which can bring good luck. 4. Tielimu, also known as Tielimu Ironwood, iron chestnut, etc., are evergreen trees of the Garciniaceae and Ironwood genus.
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